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Nature & Adventure

Did you know about 11 world biosphere reserves in Vietnam (Part 2)

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In 2021, Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve (Ninh Thuan) and Kon Ha Nong Highlands (Gia Lai) of Vietnam were officially recognized by UNESCO as World Biosphere Reserves, making Vietnam the 2nd country in the number of Southeast Asian biosphere reserves, after Indonesia.

6 - Biosphere Reserve of Western Nghe An


With a total area of up to 1.3 million hectares, western Nghe An is the largest Biosphere Reserve in Southeast Asia, where rich flora and fauna converge, high biodiversity, especially including 70 species of plants and 80 species of animals listed in the Red Book and endemic species such as: saola, brown-legged scrub, oil prolapse and wild elephant populations.


This is also a place of mixing and interweaving of geographical elements with many natural caves and waterfalls, and is also the long-standing habitat of 6 ethnic groups: Thai, Danlai, Khmu, O Du, Mong and Kinh, of which Đu is the least populated ethnic group among 54 ethnic groups of Vietnam and only lives in Nghe An.



7 - Mui Ca Mau Biosphere Reserve


The core area of Ca Mau Biosphere Reserve is divided into Mui Ca Mau National Park, U Minh Ha National Park and coastal protection suites. This place has many typical ecosystems such as mangrove forests, melaleuca forests on peat wetlands, marine ecosystems ... All of them preserve rich biological and geological resources, with high conservation value. 


Mui Ca Mau National Park has a diverse number of flora and fauna, with about 28-32 species of mangroves, 26 species of mammals, 93 species of birds, 43 species of reptiles, 139 species of fish... and many saltwater species have been recognized and listed in the Red Book of Vietnam and around the world.


Coming here, you can visit unique tourist spots, experience the unique features of Mui Ca Mau land when visiting Mui Ca Mau Tourist Cultural Park, sailing through mangrove forests, enjoying the art of amateur singers, learning traditional crafts, experiencing the life of local people...


Image source: Internet, fileapi.surego.v, images.squarespace


8 - Cham Islands Biosphere Reserve


Cham Island is a cluster of islands in Quang Nam province, 15 km from Cua Dai Sea. This place possesses a wild and peaceful beauty, so it is chosen by many tourists as a destination after a trip to Hoi An ancient town.


Not only containing cultural treasures and typical history of a pristine island cluster, Cham Islands also has a full presence of diverse ecosystems, typical of estuaries, coasts and islands. The flora and fauna here are quite rich, especially home to rare bird's nests and many species of wildlife. Under the sea, there are many rapids, sparkling coral ranges creating a fanciful "aquarium" with hundreds of thousands of tropical fish and seafood.


Cham Island is the ideal place for you to immerse yourself in the fresh air of the sea, learn about the rural life of fishing villages, watch the colorful coral reefs, conquer majestic mountains or enjoy local specialties. 


Image source: Internet


9 - Langbiang Biosphere Reserve


As the 9th UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve in Vietnam (2015), Langbiang Biosphere Reserve is an attractive destination, especially for those who love the dreaminess and mist of the highlands.


The area consists of a large primeval forest with the core area being Bidoup - Nui Ba National Park. Currently, in the National Park, there are 1,923 species of plants, including especially rare species such as flattened dicotyledonous pine, pubic, red pine, orchid family alone has up to 297 species. In terms of animals, there are 422 species in the core area alone. The park is also one of the world's 221 endemic bird regions.


What tourists and especially adventure lovers love is Bidoup Peak and Nui Ba. If you are not a professional climber, it will be difficult to conquer these two craggy peaks. In addition, fresh air from the green primeval forest, beautiful natural scenery interwoven between forests and streams and a population of 8,000 ethnic minority households living here... are all characteristics and attractions to visitors to Lang Biang.



10 - Mount Chua Biosphere Reserve


Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve is a convergence of all 3 forest, sea and semi-desert spaces; Possessing a diverse flora and fauna, including many rare species such as black-legged scrub langur, black bear, sun bear, fire leopard, red cash chicken ... In addition, the waters of the region also have more than 350 different species of coral, of which 46 new coral species have been recorded and classified in Vietnam. It is also home to a population of sea turtles that come to breed every year and are under strict protection.


With the core area of Nui Chua National Park, which has the harshest climate in Vietnam today, hot weather all year round, the reserve is considered the only standard model of dry forest ecosystem typical of Vietnam and Southeast Asia.


Coming to Ninh Thuan, you can visit Nui Chua National Park to explore the "waterfall on the sea" of Hang Rai, conquer the peaks with an altitude of more than 1,000 m, dive to see corals in Vinh Hy Bay, visit the immense vineyards or experience the life of the Raglai people at the foot of Nui Chua.



11 - Kon Ha Nong Biosphere Reserve


Kon Ha Nong Biosphere Reserve in Gia Lai province, is typical of the forest ecosystem in the Central Highlands region with rich flora and fauna systems, many rare species with high economic value. The area is divided into the core area of Kon Ka Kinh National Park and Kon Chu Rang Nature Reserve. The basic biosphere reserve preserves the ecosystem is characterized by tropical closed forests with broadleaf trees, conifers, coniferous forests, shrublands, etc grass... has high biodiversity. In particular, in the sanctuary there is also the pristine K50 waterfall, one of the most beautiful waterfalls of the Central Highlands.


With majestic, poetic scenery and diverse ecosystem, Kon Ha Nong is one of the attractive eco-tourism destinations for visitors to visit, relax and study. Along with Nui Chua, Kon Ha Nong has just been recognized as a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO on 15/9/2021.


Jennie.

Image source: Multiple authors
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